Basic Facilities in Tribal Areas

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The Ministry of Tribal Affairs administers three schemes namely (i) Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution, (ii) Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme (SCA to TSS) and (iii) Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) under which activities for enhancement of medical facilities are supported. As per the scheme guidelines of schemes “Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution” and “Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme (SCA to TSS)”, 10 – 15% of the total fund allocation has to be for activities related to health sector like addition to / strengthening of building infrastructure of CHC/PHC, Mobile dispensaries in remote locations, conduct of screening for acute health problems like Sickle Cell Anemia amongst the tribal students and provision of health cards, focus on eradication of prevalent endemic health problems like Malaria, Leprosy, TB, etc. These schemes are demand driven and funds are released to State Governments based on State Plan and approval of the Project Appraisal Committee (PAC).

Funds released by the scheme under the two schemes for health facilities are given below:-

 (Rs. in lakh)

S No State 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
1 Andhra Pradesh 0.00 1016.76 233.00
2 Arunachal Pradesh 150.00 705.00 600.00
3 Assam 0.00 474.39 0.00
4 Bihar 0.00 10.00 10.00
5 Chhattisgarh 240.00 507.00 300.00
6 Goa 0.00 0.00 0.00
7 Gujarat 52.00 0.00 986.70
8 Himachal Pradesh 0.00 461.00 978.40
9 Jammu & Kashmir 0.00 871.53 884.71
10 Jharkhand 1400.00 925.00 50.00
11 Karnataka 200.00 410.00 2205.00
12 Kerala 300.00 350.00 0.00
13 Madhya Pradesh 2721.02 5101.07 2037.35
14 Maharashtra 0.00 2000.00 9262.40
15 Manipur 666.00 360.00 290.00
16 Meghalaya 0.00 200.00 0.00
17 Mizoram 288.12 273.61 357.56
18 Nagaland 0.00 110.00 90.00
19 Odisha 114.00 0.00 0.00
20 Rajasthan 1309.59 2510.98 301.00
21 Sikkim 10.00 34.98 103.50
22 Tamil Nadu 0.00 176.55 33.96
23 Telangana 0.00 0.00 420.15
24 Tripura 0.00 50.00 430.00
25 Uttar Pradesh 27.00 0.00 0.00
26 Uttarakhand 0.00 0.00 0.00
27 West Bengal 675.60 2018.65 2029.90
Total 8153.33 18566.52 21603.63

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has no specific scheme for construction of Colleges and Hospitals, but it plays a gap filling role to activities of the line ministries and also supports the State Governments and Union Territory Administrations in construction of Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS), Ashram Schools, Primary Health Centres, Sub Centres & Community Health Centres through its schemes of Special Central Assistance  to Tribal Sub Schemes, Grant under Article 275(1) of the Constitution, etc. However Ministry of Tribal Affairs does not maintain any data on the overall number of schools, colleges and hospitals constructed in the country. In so far as Ministry of Tribal Affairs is concerned, 288 EMRSs and 1205 Ashram Schools have been sanctioned till date.

As per Rural Health Statistics 2018, there is a shortfall in health infrastructure in tribal areas as on 31st March, 2018, which is as below:-

Health Infrastructure Required Available Shortfall
Sub-Centre 31,257 28091 5935
Primary Health Centre 4675 3971 1187
Community Health Centre 1156 1017 257

Note: The requirement has been calculated using the prescribed norms on the basis of rural population from Census 2011. All India shortfall is derived by adding state-wise figures of shortfall ignoring the existing surplus in some states.

This information was given by Shri Jaswantsinh Bhabhor, Minister of State for Tribal Affairs in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

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